This article will explain how to use the
unzip command in Linux to list, test, and extract compressed ZIP archives.
Transferring data between computers and servers is made simple and efficient by zipping files.
When files are compressed, they save disk space on a local drive and make it easier and more convenient to download files from the internet, using far less bandwidth than sending full-size files in most cases.
So you’ve been sent a
zip file, and now you’re stuck figuring out how to unzip it’s content on Linux? You can use the unzip command to extract (unzip) the file on Linux.
First, you must install
unzip because it is not installed by default in most Linux distributions.
Install unzip command on Fedora / Redhat / AlmaLinux / Rocky Linux
sudo dnf install unzip
Install unzip command on Ubuntu / Debian / Linux Mint
sudo apt install unzip
How to Unzip a ZIP File in Linux
unzip command in Linux is absolutely simple. You need to tell
unzip the name of the
zip file which you want to unzip.
For example, in the directory, where you have a
zip file named
my-archive.zip, to unzip it, the command would be:
unzip has a
-q (quiet) option so that you do not need to see the file listing as the files are extracted.
unzip -q my-archive.zip
Unzip File in Linux to a Directory
In addition, a good practice is to unzip to a directory in the Linux command line. This way, all the extracted files are stored in the directory you specified.
If the directory doesn’t exist, it will create one.
unzip my-archive.zip -d my_files/
How to List the Content of a ZIP file
You can list the content of the
zip file without even extracting it with the
unzip -l my-archive.zip
Testing a ZIP Archive’s Integrity
Sometimes you may want to test a zip archive without extracting it. To test the validity of the zip file, pass option
-t as shown below.
unzip -t my-archive.zip
This option extracts each specified file in memory and compares the CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check, an enhanced checksum) of the expanded file with the original’s stored CRC value.
In addition, our excellent guide, “How to Extract tar.gz File in Linux by Using the Command Line,” will show you how to extract and work with the other widely popular Linux archive format,
Feel free to leave a comment if you have any questions.