The openSUSE project offers two distributions: Tumbleweed, which is a rolling distribution, and Leap, which is a point distribution. Leap vs. Tumbleweed is a frequently discussed topic among openSUSE supporters.
So let’s find out the differences between them and which one is more suitable for you.
In 2015, the openSUSE project restructured, creating two versions: Leap and Tumbleweed.
- Leap is openSUSE’s regular release with guaranteed stability. It is a regular release in that it does have specific versions (15.0, 15.1, 15.2) released in a regular cadence.
- Tumbleweed is a rolling release in that the distribution is constantly updating. Users always have access to the newest Linux packages.
Main Differences Between Leap and Tumbleweed
While openSUSE Leap users “jump” from one version to another, openSUSE Tumbleweed users are constantly “rolling” in the only version that exists. It is always the latest one, with the newest software.
Leap has been rock solid, and so has Tumbleweed. Updates work great with Leap as they have with Tumbleweed. The most significant difference is that Leap does tend to have just a touch older version of packages. Leap also seems to favor LTS versions of packages that, given their purpose, it’s not unexpected.
The most crucial distinction between both comes down to Leap feeling more enterprise than Tumbleweed.
On top of that, Tumbleweed and Leap differ significantly in terms of when and where they should be installed. Because Tumbleweed is a rolling distribution and is tied very closely to openSUSE development, it should not be installed in a situation where stability is a high priority.
It is not well suited for production systems where downtime would be a significant problem.
Another difference between Tumbleweed and Leap is in the day-to-day operation of the system. The frequency and number of updates that come through. It is not unusual for Tumbleweed to announce new updates are available every day. On the other hand, Leap’s updates come through much less frequently.
Leap it’s Rock Solid
openSUSE Leap is released as a frozen set of packages in a repository. Those packages receive updates via another repository, but the primary system remains unchanged. A user has a copy of the packages installed on their system.
Along comes a new version of Leap, which updates the base system and lots of packages; the user may then perform a distribution upgrade to the latest version.
openSUSE Leap is more stable and only uses the well-tested base of SUSE Linux Enterprise (SLE). So the primary target is stable systems. This means for enterprises or data centers running crucial applications that need the operating system’s reliability. Therefore they can go for OpenSUSE Leap.
The release cycle of openSUSE Leap versions is around one year, and get extended support for up to 2 years before finally achieving End-of-Life.
Tumbleweed for Power Users
openSUSE Tumbleweed differs from Leap in that the base system and packages are constantly changing within the same repository. The user then performs distribution upgrades each time the repository is updated.
If you opt for openSUSE Tumbleweed to install over openSUSE Leap on your system, you don’t have to wait for long periodic cycles to get the latest versions.
That means more chances to experience and test new things or applications. But any rolling release runs the risk of breaking after an update. That is the price you pay for up-to-date, cutting-edge software.
openSUSE Tumbleweed snapshots provide a separate repository for each snapshot of Tumbleweed. Users thus have a remote repository that matches their installed system.
Unlike the single repository approach, where installing a new package may come from a more recent snapshot and not fit into the installed system, new packages are ensured to fit properly with snapshot repositories.
This provides the benefits of bleeding edge software when you need it without the hassle of updating to install new software. In effect, openSUSE Tumbleweed snapshots act like many mini fixed releases, so you can choose when to update.
In other words, openSUSE Tumbleweed snapshots is a layer of repository management software and an associated history of official-release snapshots that logically sits above the standard tumbleweed official release repository.
However, with that said, openSUSE does an outstanding job with quality control before releasing a new snapshot. Therefore, it can be confidently said that Tumbleweed can be classified as entirely reliable.
openSUSE Leap vs. Tumbleweed, Pros, and Cons
- The very latest of everything QA tested and coherently served to your system.
- Rolling model: no version upgrade, no End-of-Life.
- Features recently added: you can slow down the updating by sticking on a snapshot
- Live ISO is available for KDE, Gnome, and XFCE (the rescue ISO)
- Something is changing every day.
- Not friendly to proprietary kernel modules (because the kernel is updated frequently).
- Rough edges come along from time to time.
- It remains the same, meaning not changing your workflow for about three years. It changes when a major release is released.
- Kernel receiving backports but not changing (proprietary modules friendly).
- Once set up, it is rock solid.
- Pretty close to SUSE Linux Enterprise (SLE). On GNOME you can even choose the SLE Classic look.
- You’ll need to add external repos if you want something to be very up to date
- The support to new hardware is coming slowly and with some limits because of relying on feature backporting
- Distro upgrades are required once a year
openSUSE Leap is best suited for novice users and organizations, who tend to avoid frequent updates. If you’re first moving to OpenSUSE, you should stick with Leap. It’s massively stable, and you won’t have any issues with it updating things and having them break.
New and experienced Linux users get the most usable Linux distribution and stabilized operating system with openSUSE’s regular release.
Related: What is the Linux Operating System?
openSUSE Tumbleweed is preferred by enthusiastic users who want bleeding-edge Linux. In addition, it appeals to power users and software developers. They want the most up-to-date software, and there’s nothing wrong with that.
If you require the latest software stacks and Integrated Development Environment or need a stable platform closest to bleeding edge Linux, Tumbleweed is the best choice.
So, Leap or Tumbleweed? Which one do you prefer?