How to Install Docker on Linux Mint 21: A Step-by-Step Guide

Follow our step-by-step guide to easily install Docker on your Linux Mint 21 system and start containerizing your applications.

Docker is a popular containerization platform that allows developers to create, deploy, and run applications in a portable and efficient manner. It simplifies the process of packaging applications and their dependencies into self-contained units called containers, which can run on any Linux-based operating system.

In this article, we will explore how to install Docker on Linux Mint 21, step-by-step. Whether you are a developer, sysadmin, or just getting started with Docker, this guide will help you get up and running with Docker on your Linux Mint 21 system in no time.

Installing Docker on Linux Mint 21

You can install Docker on your Linux Mint 21 system in several ways. For example, it is available in the official Mint repositories, where users can easily install it with a single APT command. However, one disadvantage to this approach is that the version available is not always the most recent.

For this reason, this guide will show you how to install Docker on Linux Mint 21 from the official Docker repository so you always get the latest version, and it will automatically receive all future software updates as they become available. So, let’s get started.

Step 1: Install Prerequisites

First, run the two commands below to update the package index and install the prerequisite necessary to add and use a new HTTPS repository.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl gnupg

Once operations are completed, you can move to the next section, where we’ll add the Docker’s repo GPG key and repo itself to our Linux Mint 21 system.

Step 2: Add Docker’s Official GPG Key

Next, import the Docker GPG repository key to your Mint system. This security feature ensures that the software you’re installing is authentic.

curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/docker.gpgCode language: JavaScript (javascript)
Add Docker’s repo GPG key.
Add Docker’s repo GPG key.

Notice that the command produces no output.

Step 3: Add Docker Repo to Linux Mint 21

After importing the GPG keys, we’ll add the official Docker repository to our Linux Mint 21 system. This implies that the update package will be made available with the rest of your system’s regular updates if a new version is released.

echo "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/docker.gpg] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu jammy stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/nullCode language: PHP (php)
Add the official Docker repository to Linux Mint 21.
Add the official Docker repository to Linux Mint 21.

As with the previous command, its execution produces no output.

Next, refresh the package list.

sudo apt update
Update the package base.
Update the package base.

This command updates the package index on our system. As you can see, the newly added Docker repository is now available and ready to be used.

Step 4: Install Docker on Linux Mint 21

Finally, run the below command to install the latest up-to-date Docker release on Linux Mint.

sudo apt install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io docker-buildx-plugin docker-compose-pluginCode language: CSS (css)
Install Docker on Linux Mint 21.
Install Docker on Linux Mint 21.

This installs the following Docker components:

  • docker-ce: The Docker engine itself.
  • docker-ce-cli: A command line tool that lets you talk to the Docker daemon.
  • containerd.io: A container runtime that manages the container’s lifecycle.
  • docker-buildx-plugin: A CLI plugin that extends the Docker build with many new features.
  • docker-compose-plugin: A configuration management plugin to orchestrate creating and managing Docker containers through compose files.

That’s all! Docker should now be installed; the service started and enabled to start automatically on boot.

In addition, you can check the Docker service status using the following:

sudo systemctl is-active docker
Check the status of the Docker service.
Check the status of the Docker service.

Step 5: Verify the Docker Installation

Now let’s check if everything with our new Docker installation works properly. For this purpose, we will run a simple application called “hello-world.”

sudo docker run hello-world
Docker successfully installed, up & running on Linux Mint 21.
Docker successfully installed, up & running on Linux Mint 21.

Congratulations! As we can see, everything works as expected!

Enabling Non-root Users to Run Docker Commands

So far, we have successfully installed Docker on your Linux Mint 21 system.

However, only root and users with sudo privileges can execute Docker commands by default, which can be a security concern. In other words, if you attempt to run the docker command as a regular user without prefixing it with sudo, you’ll get an error message like this:

Docker permission denied.
Docker permission denied.

So, to run Docker commands as a non-root user, you must add your user to the docker group. To do that, type in the following:

sudo usermod -aG docker ${USER}

In the above command, ${USER} is an environment variable that holds your username. To apply for the new group membership, reboot your Mint system. You can then execute docker commands without prefixing them with sudo.

Run the docker command as a regular user.
Run the docker command as a regular user.

This approach can reduce the security risks associated with Docker while enabling non-root users to take advantage of its powerful capabilities.

Conclusion

Installing Docker on Linux Mint 21 can initially seem daunting, but with the step-by-step guide provided, it is a relatively straightforward process. Following the steps outlined in the guide, you can successfully install Docker on your Linux Mint 21 machine and start reaping the benefits of containerization.

So, what are you waiting for? Start experimenting with Docker today and see how it can revolutionize how you build and deploy applications.

Let me know if you have any questions or suggestions, and I’ll be happy to follow up with you. Happy dockering!

To learn more about Docker, check out the official Docker documentation.

Bobby Borisov

Bobby Borisov

Bobby, an editor-in-chief at Linuxiac, is a Linux professional with over 20 years of experience. With a strong focus on Linux and open-source software, he has worked as a Senior Linux System Administrator, Software Developer, and DevOps Engineer for small and large multinational companies.

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18 Comments

  1. Bobby, very much appreciate you putting together this article in great detail. Installation was a breeze following your instructions.

  2. This guide is so good! I followed on Mint 21.1 and it worked perfectly. For the group membership, I tried to just log out of the GUI and back in, but that didn’t work out. I went ahead and rebooted and then I was able to run docker commands without any errors.

  3. Thanks for tutorial. Help me find out, how can i get Docker UI? When i had Windows, i simply download Docker desktop, but after installing docker on mint, i have only console view. So i tried to install Docker Desktop and it show me conflicts when i try to run application. But console works fine.. so i am confused

  4. Thank you very much, Bobby!

    I followed an official guide without luck, and with your guide everything is running smoothly now! May you have many happy days!

  5. Extremely helpful guide, Bobby, thank you. I will refer others to this guide when we set up Docker on multiple Linux Mint systems.

  6. Where you are adding the docker repo, in your example you are using :
    echo “deb [arch=$(dpkg –print-architecture) …
    which will fail if you are not using a Bourne shell derivative, such as csh, tcsh, etc.

    If you replace $(dpkg –print-architecture) with `dpkg –print-architecture`, then it should work with both flavours of shell.
    ps. Thanks for the guide.

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